Comprehensive Guide to Common Rats in Texas

Comprehensive Guide to Common Rats in Texas

With fall on the way and the colder weather rapidly approaching, it’s good to start thinking about pest control. Especially our favorite pest of all, the lovely rat. They are very intelligent, extremely acrobatic and capable of sniffing out anything. You will see the numbers increasing as they start looking for water, food, and shelter. You’ll be surprised what damage rats in Texas can do. Our goal is to help you stay educated so that you can protect your home or land, here is a full comprehensive to rats in Texas. 

Rat Control in Texas

Rats are mammals and they are also very efficient breeders. With colder weather beginning to come in they are going to be searching for warmer and more comfortable places to live. There are a few different species of rats in Texas but they are all wanting to take advantage of your food, water, shelter, and any other resources that they can get their hands on. As well as stealing your resources they have relentless teeth that will be causing harm and creating damage to your property.

rats san antonio
Gray colored rat standing on it’s back legs.

Types of Rats in Texas

The two main species of rats in Texas that homeowners and business owners alike encounter are the Norway rat and the Roof rat. Here are the key differences between them and why you need to be wary of them.

Norway Rat

Despite being named the Norway rat the origins of this species actually is believed to be from China and got to North America by way of boats from the English. They have been infesting homes in North America for over 400 years and have adapted very well to living here. Adults have heavy, dense bodies. Norway rats have shaggy fur that is brown or gray, and their underbellies are lighter in color. Norway rats’ bodies grow to about 9 ½ inches in length, and their scaly two toned tails add another 6 to 8 inches. They are also commonly known as the brown rat.

rats san antonio
Brown colored rat huddling on the ground floor while holding something in it’s front arms.

Norway rats prefer to nest and make home in lower levels of buildings such as basements or first floors. They do this because they are not very skilled climbers, this is one of the key differences between the Norway rat and the Roof rat. Norway rats nest and burrow in fields, soil near river banks, garbage and wood piles, under concrete slabs, and along streams and river banks. Their stocky, heavy bodies mean they invade buildings through the ground floor. Norway rats will be trying to get into your basement and nest as close to ground level as they can. Your home may be very inviting to these critters if you give them access to: 

  • Gardens 
  • Compost piles 
  • Pet food 
  • Open containers of garbage 
  • Outdoor eating areas 
  • Bird seed 
  • Bird baths 
  • Clogged gutters 
  • Wild animal feeders 
  • Wood piles 
  • Dense vegetation 
  • Piles of debris


If you have any of these listed items make sure that you are keeping them clean and secure to reduce your risk of rat infestations in Texas.

Roof Rats

The activities of Roof rats are more inclusive to their name I’m sure you’ve guessed. Roof rats in Texas are dark brown or black in color, and they have gray highlights running throughout their fur.

rats san antonio
Dark colored rat sits on top of a wooden fence post.

Roof rats have a long, slim build. Their bodies grow to about 8 inches in length, and their tails add another 6 to 8 inches to their total body length. Roof rats are much more agile and nimble when in comparison to the Norway rats of Texas. They can be roughly the same size but the physical characteristics are easy to pick out so that you can better understand what you are dealing with. Roof rats have a light build, which allows them to easily climb trees, utility poles, and other structures to gain access to homes through their roofs. Outside, roof rats nest high up in trees, inside wood piles, or in dense vegetation. From the list of items above the large majority will also be attractive to Roof rats so minimizing piles of debris, compost, and garbage will help in keeping the rodent and rat infestations away from your home or property. 

Do Rats Bring Health Hazards? The Answer Is Yes.

Rodents are not usually aggressive and they try to avoid people just as much as we try to avoid them. Even though they are not aggressive they are considered to be very dangerous. When they invade homes and other properties rodents contaminate food prep areas and food sources with their saliva, urine, and feces. They are also can spread diseases, such as

  • Salmonella: An intestinal bacteria causing fever, abdominal pain, and diarrhea
  • Leptospirosis: Bacterial infection bringing about body aches, diarrhea and vomiting, high fever, and yellowing of the eyes and skin.
  • Hantavirus: Leads to fever, body aches, chills, difficulty breathing, and kidney failure
  • Rat-Bite Fever: Not necessarily contracted through bites, rat-bite fever can cause elevated body temperature, aches, and pains, rash, skin lesions, as well as sore throats and has been linked to increased risk of future health issues, such as meningitis, liver damage, and pneumonia.
  • Bubonic, Septicemic, and Pneumonic Plagues: Though all these conditions begin with fever and muscle weakness, their symptoms vary from that point. Pneumonic plague leads to severe respiratory issues whereas Bubonic causes nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, body aches, a cough with bloody mucus, and extremely swollen lymph nodes. Symptoms of Septicemic plague include abdominal pain, internal bleeding, and shock.
    All these conditions can be spread through contaminated food and water, inhaling particles from droppings, and bites from fleas feeding on both you and infected mice. Intruders carrying these viruses and bacteria place your family in danger. They also bring along dangerous threats like tick and flea epidemics.

How Do I get Rid of Rats in Texas?

Our trained professional technicians have every ounce of knowledge and experience to rid your home or property of rats and rodents today! Let Beeline Pest Control help you reclaim your living quarters or put proactive measures in place to keep rodents from invading in the first place.

Stop Rats San Antonio- Rely On The Best Texas Pest Control

At Beeline Pest Control in Texas, we can help eliminate and prevent rodent infestations. Our in-home pest control services include mice and rat protection. We offer rodent control services for your home or business. Our tailored treatment plans may include the use of traps, bait, and simple removal techniques. For professional removal of rats San Antonio, and rodent control throughout Texas, call Beeline Pest Control. The areas we service include south-central Texas, New Braunfels, Schertz, Universal City, Alamo Heights, and Bexar County Texas. Whatever pests you are dealing with in Texas, we can help. Call us today at (210) 742-8801, because whatever the pest is, Beeline’s the best!


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